6. How are the fjords formed? Why do they constitute some of the most picturesque areas of the world? (Answer in 150 words) 10 marks
Fjords are formed by the erosive action of glaciers. During the last ice age, glaciers covered much of the Earth's surface. As the glaciers moved, they carved deep valleys into the underlying rock. When the glaciers melted, the valleys were flooded by seawater, creating fjords.
Fjords are characterized by their steep sides and deep waters. They are often surrounded by mountains and forests, creating a dramatic and picturesque landscape. Fjords can be found in many parts of the world, including Norway, Iceland, New Zealand, and Chile.
Fjords are considered to be some of the most picturesque areas of the world for a number of reasons. First, their steep sides and deep waters create a sense of awe and grandeur. Second, the contrast between the dark blue water and the green forests and mountains is visually stunning. Third, fjords are often home to a variety of wildlife, including whales, dolphins, and seals. This adds to the overall experience of visiting a fjord.
Here are some examples of picturesque fjords in the current scenario:
● Geiranger fjord, Norway: This fjord is known for its dramatic waterfalls, towering mountains, and lush forests. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Norway.
● Milford Sound, New Zealand: This fjord is known for its towering cliffs, waterfalls, and rainforests. It is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in New Zealand.
● Doubtful Sound, New Zealand: This fjord is even more remote than Milford Sound, and it offers an even more pristine experience. It is a great place to see wildlife such as whales, dolphins, and penguins.
● Torres del Paine National Park, Chile: This national park is home to a number of glaciers and fjords, including the stunning Grey Glacier and Paine Fjord. It is a popular destination for hiking, camping, and kayaking.
Fjords are a truly unique and beautiful natural wonder. They offer visitors a chance to experience the power of nature and the beauty of the natural world.